You are a British citizen


Social benefits

If a withdrawal agreement were to be adopted, a transition period up to 31 December 2020 would ensure the same rights and obligations as currently effective legislation. If there is no withdrawal agreement, there will be no transition period, and British rules will apply.


You are concerned 1) if you are a British citizen who works in France or who wants to work in France; 2) if you are receiving family benefits; 3) if you have French or British coverage; 4) if your spouse works or is unemployed in France or the UK; 5) if you receive a British pension exclusively; or 6) if you are a British student in France.

If you did not find the answers to your questions on this page, you can contact us at the following address : brexit@travail.gouv.fr


  • Imprimer

Frequently

asked questions


  • I work and am insured under the French system while my spouse works and resides in the United Kingdom with my children. Will I continue to receive British and, if applicable, French family benefits from the date of withdrawal? If so, under what conditions ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    You will continue to receive family benefits under the same conditions as today, since during the transition period (until 31 December 2020), the provisions of EU rules will continue to apply. The Member State that pays family benefits is determined according to your professional activity and residence, that of your spouse and the residence of the children. Professional activity is decisive in determining the primary competent Member State, while the residence of the children determines the secondary competent Member State.
    In your case, the British family benefits fund is the primary competent fund for paying your family benefits. France, which is the secondary competent Member State, will pay a differential supplement if the French family benefits correspond to a higher amount.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    The EU rules on coordination of social security systems will no longer apply.
    Access to British family benefits will be based solely on national law.


  • I work and am insured under the French system while my family lives in the United Kingdom. My spouse does not work. Will I continue to receive French and, if applicable, British family benefits from the date of withdrawal ? If so, under what conditions ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    You will continue to receive family benefits under the same conditions as today, since during the transition period (until 30 December 2020), the provisions of EU rules will continue to apply. The Member State that pays family benefits is determined according to your professional activity and residence, that of your spouse and the residence of the children. Professional activity is decisive in determining the primary competent Member State, while the residence of the children determines the secondary competent Member State.
    In your case, the French family benefits fund is the primary competent fund for paying your family benefits. The UK, which is the secondary competent Member State, will pay a differential supplement if the French family benefits correspond to a higher amount.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    The EU rules on coordination of social security systems will no longer apply.
    Access to British family benefits will be based solely on national law.


  • I am a British national lawfully residing in France as of the withdrawal date. I am entitled to the social inclusion benefit (RSA), the adult disability allowance (AAH) or the in-work benefit (prime d’activité). Will my rights be maintained or do I have to file a new application ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    British citizens will continue to receive these benefits under the same conditions as EU citizens during the transition period (until 31 December 2020).


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    The rights of British citizens living in France as of the withdrawal date who are beneficiaries of the RSA, the AAH or the in-work benefit as of that date will be preserved during a transition period. This period will be one year from the withdrawal date for beneficiaries of the RSA. After this, in order to benefit from the in-work benefit or the AAH, they must meet the conditions laid down for non-EU citizens. In order to continue receiving the RSA, beneficiaries must be legal residents of France.


  • I am a British national lawfully residing in France as of the withdrawal date. After the withdrawal date, I will be applying for the social inclusion benefit (RSA) for the first time or renewing my status as beneficiary. What conditions do I need to meet ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    Provided they are legal residents of France for at least three months prior to applying, British citizens will continue to receive these benefits under the same conditions as EU citizens during the transition period (until 31 December 2020).


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    If you have lived in France for less than five years, you are not eligible for the RSA. On the other hand, you are eligible if have lived in France for at least five years. The time spent in France prior to the withdrawal date will be taken into account in determining the five-year residency obligation that is required to receive the RSA.


  • I live in France and I am a recipient of a British pension (old age, disability, survivor's pension, etc.). As from the withdrawal date, will my health coverage situation change and if so, under what conditions ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    Your health insurance coverage and the conditions under which you are insured will not change. The current EU rules on coordination of social security systems will continue to apply during the transition period (until 31 December 2020). For someone in your situation, these rules provide that – if you are receiving a pension from one Member State and reside in the territory of another Member State – your healthcare costs will be covered by the Member State that pays your pension. Therefore, your French healthcare costs will be paid by the United Kingdom. For this to happen, you must request an S1 form "Registering for healthcare cover" (the equivalent of the former E121 form) from your British pension fund. This document will allow you to register with the health insurance fund in your place of residence in France. Until 31 December 2020, you will continue to receive benefits under the same conditions as you do now.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    Although you will still be considered as a British social security beneficiary, the healthcare costs for both you and your dependants will be covered under the same conditions as French beneficiaries for a period of two years from the entry into force of the Order on various measures relating to the United Kingdom leaving the European Union without a withdrawal agreement concluded on the basis of Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union as regards citizens' rights (Article 7). During this period, the two Member States must reach an agreement enabling them to continue to ensure effective financial coverage of their respective beneficiaries.


  • I am a British student studying in France. What will happen to my social protection after the withdrawal date ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    Your health insurance coverage and the conditions under which you are insured will not change. The current EU rules on coordination of social security systems will continue to apply during the transition period (until 31 December 2020). For someone in your situation, the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) will ensure that any treatment you receive during your stay will be covered. In France, your healthcare expenses will be reimbursed under the same conditions as for beneficiaries of the French social security system.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    The EU rules on coordination of social security systems will no longer apply. As a result, access to French health insurance will be based solely on the application of French law. You must apply for French health insurance based on residence criteria. To do so you must register online for social security using the website www.etudiant-etranger.ameli.fr.