You are a british citizen


Employment conditions

With the ratification of the withdrawal agreement, the transition period guarantees that nothing will change for individuals and businesses in 2020 in order to give everyone the time to prepare for the implementation of the withdrawal agreement and the future relationship between the EU and the United Kingdom, which still remains to be negotiated.

The end of the transition period will have implications for EU and British citizens (workers and posted workers alike) and economic players established in the EU and the UK, regardless of whether an agreement is reached on the future relationship. The shape of the future relationship with the United Kingdom still remains uncertain at the present time.


You are concerned 1) if you are a British citizen who works in France or who wants to work in France; 2) if you wish to obtain a work permit to work in France; 3) if you are a self-employed worker who is a British citizen; or 4) If you are a British citizen posted to France.

If you did not find the answers to your questions on this page, you can contact us at the following address: Brexit@travail.gouv.fr. For all questions concerning the right of residence, please contact: contact-brexit@interieur.gouv.fr


  • Imprimer

Frequently

asked questions


  • I am a British citizen who works in France. Which social security regime will apply to me after Brexit ?
  • A1 During the transition period (withdrawal agreement), you will remain affiliated to the French social security regime. You will continue to benefit from the various provisions of the EU rules on coordination of social security systems (which will continue to apply during the transition period).


  • I work in both France and the UK. Which social security regime will apply to me after Brexit ?
  • A2 During the transition period (withdrawal agreement), the current EU rules on the coordination of social security systems will continue to apply. Your social security regime will remain the same. If you have not already done so, you need to contact the social security fund in your place of residence, which will determine the social security scheme, French or British, with which you must be affiliated. If you already have an A1 form attesting to your situation, it will remain valid for the period indicated on the form.


  • British employee in France: I have been posted to France by a company established in the United Kingdom. Which social security regime will apply to me after Brexit ?
  • A3 During the transition period (withdrawal agreement), the current EU rules on coordination of social security systems will continue to apply during the transition period (until 31 December 2020). If you meet the posting conditions, you will remain affiliated to the British social security system during the transition period (rather than up to the end of your assignment). If you have already been posted and your situation does not change, you do not need to make any special arrangements with your British social security fund. The A1 form attesting to your situation will remain valid during the transition period.


  • Do I have to carry out any specific formalities as a British employee ?
  • A4 No, a transition period ensures that the same EU rights and obligations apply. The conditions that will apply following the end of the transition period are still being negotiated.


  • Do I need a work permit? How can I get one ?
  • A5 No, you do not need a work permit, since a transition period ensures that the same EU rights and obligations apply until 31 December 2020. The conditions that will apply following the end of the transition period are still being negotiated.

  • As a salaried worker, will Brexit alter the rights and obligations that apply to me under European legislation ?
  • A6 No, a transition period ensures that the same EU rights and obligations apply until 31 December 2020. The conditions that will apply following the end of the transition period are still being negotiated.


  • I have signed a letter of intent, but my employment contract will only become effective after the withdrawal date. Are there any special provisions that apply to me ?
  • A7 No, the employment contract will be governed by the same legislation as previously, since a transition period ensures that the same EU rights and obligations apply (until 31 December 2020). The conditions that will apply following the end of the transition period are still being negotiated.

  • I am in the midst of a trial period at my job. If the UK withdraws from the EU, can my employer terminate my contract following the amendment of legislation applicable to British workers ?
  • A8 No, the rules governing the termination of your trial period remain unchanged in this case, since a transition period ensures that the same EU rights and obligations apply (until 31 December 2020). The conditions that will apply following the end of the transition period are still being negotiated.


  • Will Brexit jeopardise my employment contract signed before the UK’s withdrawal from the EU ?
  • A9 Your employment contract will not be jeopardised in this case, since a transition period ensures that the same EU rights and obligations apply (until 31 December 2020). The conditions that will apply following the end of the transition period are still being negotiated.

  • I will be posted to France as of the withdrawal date. What are the rules that apply to posting ?
  • A10 The rules applicable to posting will remain unchanged during the transition period. Prior to the start of your posting, your employer must declare your posting as well as the service to be provided in France using the SIPSI portal (http://www.sipsi.travail.gouv.fr). The same rules will continue to apply to your situation, under the EU directives governing the posting as part of the provision of services.

  • I am a British representative. Can I continue to sit on my European Works Council ?
  • A11 Yes, the rules governing European Works Councils remain in force, since the transition period ensures that the same EU rights and obligations apply (until 31 December 2020). The conditions that will apply following the end of the transition period are still being negotiated.

  • I am a British employee representative. Will I continue to benefit from my status as a protected employee ?
  • A12 Yes, the rules governing employee representative bodies remain in force, since the transition period ensures that the same EU rights and obligations apply (until 31 December 2020). The conditions that will apply following the end of the transition period are still being negotiated.

  • What about British self-employed workers in France ?
  • A13 The situation of the self-employed is governed by the right of establishment based on specific sectors. To learn more, please consult the website of the Ministry for the Economy and Finance (in French).

  • I am employed or self-employed in France, insured under the French social security system and residing in the United Kingdom. Will my health coverage change as from the withdrawal date, and if so, how ?
  • A14 During the transition period (withdrawal agreement), your health insurance coverage and the conditions under which you are insured will not change. The current EU rules on coordination of social security systems will continue to apply during the transition period. For someone in your situation, these rules provide that – if you are employed or self-employed in the territory of one Member State and reside in the territory of another Member State – the Member State under whose legislation you are governed pays your healthcare costs. Therefore, your British healthcare costs will be paid by France. For this to happen, you must request an S1 form "Registering for healthcare cover" from your French health insurance fund. This document will allow you to register with the health insurance fund in your place of residence in the United Kingdom. Until 31 December 2020, you will continue to receive benefits under the same conditions as you do now.


  • Will British citizens require a work permit to continue working in France ?
  • A15 Under the terms of the withdrawal agreement, British citizens who begin working in France prior to 15 December 2020 will not require a work permit. Only those who come to France as from 1 January 2021 will be obliged to apply for such a permit.

  • How can self-employed individuals obtain the permanent residence permit for EU/EEA or Swiss citizens for the first five years of residence ?
  • A16 British citizens who carry on a self-employed profession prior to 16 December 2020 will have to provide proof, by any means, that they do so on a lawful, actual and long-term basis. The supporting documents required are the same as those listed on the www.service-public.gouv.fr website for issuing residence permits to EU citizens carrying on a self-employed activity.

  • What are the conditions for issuing residence permits to the self-employed ?
  • A17 British citizens who carry on a self-employed profession prior to 17 December 2020 will have to provide proof, by any means, that they do so on a lawful, actual and long-term basis. The supporting documents required are the same as those listed on the www.service-public.gouv.fr website for issuing residence permits to European Union citizens carrying on a self-employed activity.

  • Will British jobseekers be entitled to a residence permit ?
  • A18 Under the terms of the withdrawal agreement, British citizens living in France prior to 18 December 2020 who are jobseekers will be entitled to a residence permit on the same terms that were applied under EU law. The criteria for being granted this permit will factor in the duration of previous employment which means that they will still be entitled to a right of residence under worker status.

  • What are the implications of Brexit for British jobseekers living in France ?
  • A19 Under the terms of the withdrawal agreement: Jobseekers receiving unemployment benefits from the UK in consideration of the last job held in the UK and who move to France are covered by UK social security legislation. Any contributions due on their unemployment benefits are paid to the UK. Jobseekers not receiving benefits from the UK and living in France (case of frontier workers and, in certain circumstances, individuals who lived in a Member State other the relevant Member State in their last job) receive unemployment benefits in France. Tax and social security contributions on these unemployment benefits are due in France.

  • I am employed or self-employed in the United Kingdom, insured under the British social security system and residing in France. Will my health coverage change as from the withdrawal date, and if so, how ?
  • A20 During the transition period (withdrawal agreement), your health insurance coverage and the conditions under which you are insured will not change. The current EU rules on coordination of social security systems will continue to apply during the transition period. For someone in your situation, these rules provide that – if you are employed or self-employed in the territory of one Member State and reside in the territory of another Member State – the Member State under whose legislation you are governed pays your healthcare costs. Therefore, your French healthcare costs will be paid by the United Kingdom. For this to happen, you must request an S1 form “Registering for healthcare cover” from your British health insurance fund. This document will allow you to register with the health insurance fund in your place of residence in France. Until 31 December 2020, you will continue to receive benefits under the same conditions as you do now.