You are a british citizen


Employment conditions

If a withdrawal agreement were to be adopted, a transition period up to 31 December 2020 would ensure the same rights and obligations as currently effective legislation. If there is no withdrawal agreement, there will be no transition period, and British rules will apply.


You are concerned 1) if you are a British citizen who works in France or who wants to work in France; 2) if you wish to obtain a work permit to work in France; 3) if you are a self-employed worker who is a British citizen; or 4) If you are a British citizen posted to France.

If you did not find the answers to your questions on this page, you can contact us at the following address : brexit@travail.gouv.fr


  • Imprimer

Frequently

asked questions


  • I am a British citizen who works in France. Which social security regime will apply to me after Brexit ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    You will remain affiliated to the French social security regime. You will continue to benefit from the various provisions of the EU rules on coordination of social security systems (which will continue to apply during the transition period).


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    You will become a citizen of a non-EU country. Subject to the applicable rules governing the right of residence and access to the labour market, you will remain affiliated to the French social security system.


  • British employee in France: I have been posted to France by a company established in the United Kingdom. Which social security regime will apply to me after Brexit ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    The current EU rules on coordination of social security systems will continue to apply during the transition period (until 31 December 2020). If you meet the conditions for posting, you will remain affiliated to the British social security system for the duration of your assignment (up to a maximum of 24 months). If you have already been posted and your situation does not change, you do not need to make any special arrangements with your British social security fund. The A1 form attesting to your situation will remain valid for the period indicated on the form.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    The rules on posting to Europe will no longer apply. Your employer must now register you with the social security system of your place of work (in this case, France) and declare you to URSSAF. Depending on your nationality, you must ensure that you meet the condition of the lawfulness of your residence in France and contact your local national health insurance office to take the necessary steps.


  • I work in both France and the UK. Which social security regime will apply to me after Brexit ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    The current EU rules on coordination of social security systems will continue to apply during the transition period (until 31 December 2020). Your social security regime will remain the same. If you have not already done so, you need to contact the social security fund in your place of residence, which will determine the social security scheme, French or British, with which you must be affiliated. If you already have an A1 form attesting to your situation, it will remain valid for the period indicated on the form.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    The EU rules on coordination of social security systems will no longer apply. You will need to register with the social security systems in both countries for each of your activities. With regard to the activity carried out in France, your employer must declare you to URSSAF and you must contact the social security fund in your place of residence to inform it of the change in your situation.


  • Do I have to carry out any specific formalities as a British employee ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    No, a 21-month transition period (until 31 December 2020) will ensure that the same rights and obligations apply. The conditions that will apply at the end of the transition period are still being negotiated.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    The Order of 6 February 2019 establishes a grace period during which British citizens lawfully residing in France will continue to enjoy the right to pursue a professional activity until a residence permit is issued.

    This period will be determined by decree at a later date, and will be between 3 months and one year as of the withdrawal date.

    When the transition period ends, you should be in possession of a residence permit.

    British citizens living in France for less than five years will need a multi-year residence permit. For those on open-ended employment contracts, the permit will be marked with the term "employee". For those on fixed-term contracts, the permit will be marked "temporary worker".

    For more information, please visit the Ministry of the Interior's website : https://www.interieur.gouv.fr/Actualites/Le-ministere-de-l-Interieur-se-prepare-au-Brexit/Sejour


  • Do I need a work permit ? How can I get one ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    No, you do not need a work permit. A 21-month transition period (until 31 December 2020) will ensure that the same EU rights and obligations apply. The conditions that will apply at the end of the transition period are still being negotiated.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    British employees working in France prior to the withdrawal date will be covered by the provisions in the Order of 6 February 2019 concerning the right of residence and the right to work. The Order establishes a three-month grace period – which will be determined by decree at a later date – during which British citizens lawfully residing in France and pursuing a professional activity will be exempt from needing to have a work permit.

    When the grace period ends, you should be in possession of a residence permit that is the equivalent of a work permit.

    After having obtained a residence permit allowing you to reside and work in France after the end of the grace period, you need to immediately inform your employer.

    For more information, please visit the Ministry of the Interior's website : https://www.interieur.gouv.fr/Actualites/Le-ministere-de-l-Interieur-se-prepare-au-Brexit/Sejour


  • As a salaried worker, will Brexit alter the rights and obligations that apply to me under European legislation ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    No, a 21-month transition period (until 31 December 2020) will ensure that the same EU rights and obligations apply. The conditions that will apply at the end of the transition period are still being negotiated.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    The Order of 6 February 2019 establishes a grace period during which British citizens lawfully residing in France can regularise their situation. During this period, you will keep all of your rights as regards residence, employment and social security.

    Your employment contract, and the respective rights and obligations of your employer and yourself will remain unchanged during the grace period, as well as for the time in which you benefit from a permit authorising you to reside and carry on a professional activity as an employee in France.


  • I have signed a letter of intent, but my employment contract will only become effective after the withdrawal date. Are there any special provisions that apply to me ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    No, the employment contract will be governed by the same rights as previously. A 21-month transition period (until 31 December 2020) will ensure that the same EU rights and obligations apply. The conditions that will apply at the end of the transition period are still being negotiated.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    If you are a legal resident of France and working there prior to the withdrawal date, you can apply for a residence permit allowing you to work as an employee for the period covered by the permit in accordance with the provisions of the Order.

    If you are not a resident of France prior to the withdrawal date, you will not benefit from the provisions of the Order of 6 February 2019. You must apply for a residence permit under the ordinary rules applicable to foreign nationals. Depending on the type of work you will be doing, you will need to apply for a work permit. At the time of hiring and during the performance of the contract, your employer must check the lawfulness of your stay.

    For more information, please visit the Ministry of the Interior's website : https://www.interieur.gouv.fr/Actualites/Le-ministere-de-l-Interieur-se-prepare-au-Brexit/Sejour.


  • I am in the midst of a trial period at my job. If the UK withdraws from the EU, can my employer terminate my contract following the amendment of legislation applicable to British workers ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    No, the rules governing the termination of your trial period are not amended. A 21-month transition period (until 31 December 2020) will ensure that the same EU rights and obligations apply. The conditions that will apply at the end of the transition period are still being negotiated.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    No, the rules governing the termination of your trial period are not amended.


  • Will Brexit jeopardise my employment contract ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    No, your employment contract will not be jeopardised. A 21-month transition period (until 31 December 2020) will ensure that the same EU rights and obligations apply. The conditions that will apply at the end of the transition period are still being negotiated.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    No, your employment contract will not be jeopardised. The Order of 6 February 2019 establishes a grace period during which British citizens lawfully residing in France will continue to enjoy the right to pursue a professional activity until a residence permit is issued.

    This period will be determined by decree at a later date, and will be between 3 months and one year as of the withdrawal date

    During the grace period, you must apply for a multi-year residence permit marked with the term "employee" or "temporary worker", depending on your employment contract. With this permit, you do not need to apply for a work permit. At the end of the grace period, you must hold one of these permits or apply, after the grace period ends, for an ordinary residence permit and, where required, a work permit.

    You must apply for a residence permit before the end of the grace period, within a time limit to be determined by decree.

    For more information, please visit the Ministry of the Interior's website : https://www.interieur.gouv.fr/Actualites/Le-ministere-de-l-Interieur-se-prepare-au-Brexit/Sejour


  • I will be posted to France as of the withdrawal date. What are the rules that apply to posting ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    The rules applicable to posting will remain unchanged.

    The current EU rules on coordination of social security systems will continue to apply during the transition period (until 31 December 2020). If you meet the conditions for posting, you will remain affiliated to the British social security system for the duration of your assignment (up to a maximum of 24 months). If you have already been posted and your situation does not change, you do not need to make any special arrangements with your British social security fund. The A1 form attesting to your situation will remain valid for the period indicated on the form.

    Prior to the start of your posting, your employer must declare your posting as well as the service to be provided in France using the SIPSI portal (http://www.sipsi.travail.gouv.fr). The same rules will continue to apply to your situation, under the EU directives governing the posting as part of the provision of services.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    British citizens will no longer benefit from the rights and obligations as regards residence and employment in France reserved for EU citizens. As from the withdrawal date, you will be subject to non-EU law.

    If you are a legal resident of France prior to the withdrawal date, you can apply for a residence permit marked with the term "temporary worker". This is the only residence permit granted to posted workers. This residence permit will allow you to live and work as part of your posting to France after the grace period provided for in the Order. This period will be determined by decree at a later date, and will be between 3 months and one year. With this type of permit, you do not need to apply for a work permit.

    If you are posted to France after the withdrawal date and you are not a legal resident of France before this date, you are not eligible for this residence permit under the conditions stipulated in the Order of 6 February 2019. In this case, you will need to apply for a residence permit that corresponds to the reason for your presence in France (posting), under the ordinary rules applicable to foreign nationals. If the posting is intended to last less than three months, you do not in principle need to apply for a residence permit.

    Except in the case of certain activities, you must apply for a work permit to carry out a professional activity as an employee in France, including as part of a posting.

    Prior to the start of your posting, your employer must declare your posting as well as the service to be provided in France using the SIPSI portal (http://www.sipsi.travail.gouv.fr)  avant le début de la prestation.

    The rules on posting to Europe will no longer apply. Your employer must now register you with the social security system of your place of work (in this case, France) and declare you to URSSAF. Depending on your nationality, you must ensure that you meet the condition of the lawfulness of your residence in France and contact your local national health insurance office to take the necessary steps.


  • I am a British representative. Can I continue to sit on my European Works Council ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    Yes, the rules governing European Works Councils will remain in force. A 21-month transition period (until 31 December 2020) will ensure that the same EU rights and obligations apply. The conditions that will apply at the end of the transition period are still being negotiated.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    Yes, subject to regulations governing residence and work permits as from the date of withdrawal. British citizens who are legal residents in France prior to Brexit will be subject to the provisions of the Order of 6 February 2019 as regards their professional activities. The Order establishes a grace period during which British citizens lawfully residing in France shall be exempt from needing a work permit.

    However, a work permit will be required after the end of the grace period, which will be between three months and a year.


  • I am a British employee representative. Will I continue to benefit from my status as a protected employee ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    Yes, the rules governing employee representative bodies will remain in force. A 21-month transition period (until 31 December 2020) will ensure that the same EU rights and obligations apply. The conditions that will apply at the end of the transition period are still being negotiated.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    Yes, subject to regulations governing residence and work permits as from the date of withdrawal.

    British citizens who are legal residents in France prior to Brexit will be subject to the provisions of the Order of 6 February 2019as regards their professional activities. The Order establishes a grace period during which British citizens lawfully residing in France shall be exempt from needing a work permit.

    However, a work permit will be required after the end of the grace period, which will be between three months and a year.


  • What about British self-employed workers in France ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    The situation of the self-employed is governed by the right of establishment based on specific sectors. To learn more, please consult the website of the Ministry for the Economy and Finance (in French).


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    The situation of the self-employed is governed by the right of establishment based on specific sectors. To learn more, please consult the website of the Ministry for the Economy and Finance (in French).


  • I am employed or self-employed in the United Kingdom, insured under the British social security system and residing in France. Will my health coverage change as from the withdrawal date, and if so, how ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    Your health insurance coverage and the conditions under which you are insured will not change. The current EU rules on coordination of social security systems will continue to apply during the transition period (until 31 December 2020). For someone in your situation, these rules provide that – if you are employed or self-employed in the territory of one Member State and reside in the territory of another Member State – the Member State under whose legislation you are governed pays your healthcare costs.
    Therefore, your French healthcare costs will be paid by the United Kingdom.
    For this to happen, you must request an S1 form "Registering for healthcare cover" from your British health insurance fund. This document will allow you to register with the health insurance fund in your place of residence in France. Until 31 December 2020, you will continue to receive benefits under the same conditions as you do now.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    Although you will still be considered as a British social security beneficiary, the healthcare costs for both you and your dependants will be covered under the same conditions as French beneficiaries for a period of two years from the entry into force of the Order on various measures relating to the United Kingdom leaving the European Union without a withdrawal agreement concluded on the basis of Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union as regards citizens' rights (Article 7). During this period, the two Member States must reach an agreement enabling them to continue to ensure effective financial coverage of their respective beneficiaries.


  • Will British citizens require a work permit to continue working in France ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    British citizens who begin working in France prior to 31 December 2020 will not require a work permit. Only those who come to France as from 1 January 2021 will be obliged to apply for such a permit.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    British citizens who begin working in France prior to the withdrawal date will not require a work permit. However, they will be required to apply for a residence permit. The permit will allow them to exercise their rights. British nationals who arrive in France after the withdrawal date or who start working after that date will have to obtain a work permit.


  • How can self-employed individuals obtain the permanent residence permit for EU/EEA or Swiss citizens for the first five years of residence ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    British citizens who carry on a self-employed profession prior to 31 December 2020 will have to provide proof, by any means, that they do so on a lawful, actual and long-term basis. The supporting documents required are the same as those listed on the www.service-public.gouv.fr website for issuing residence permits to EU citizens carrying on a self-employed activity.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    British citizens who carry on a self-employed profession will have to provide proof, by any means, that they do so on a lawful, actual and long-term basis, in order to obtain a residence permit that corresponds to their circumstances. The procedure for doing so will be defined at a later date.


  • What are the conditions for issuing residence permits to the self-employed ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    British citizens who carry on a self-employed profession prior to 31 December 2020 will have to provide proof, by any means, that they do so on a lawful, actual and long-term basis. The supporting documents required are the same as those listed on the www.service-public.gouv.fr website for issuing residence permits to European Union citizens carrying on a self-employed activity.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    British citizens who carry on a self-employed profession will have to provide proof that they do actually carry on this activity and certify that they can live off the resources earned from this activity in order to be granted a residence permit which corresponds to their circumstances.


  • Will British jobseekers be entitled to a residence permit ?
  • With a withdrawal agreement

    British citizens living in France prior to 31 December 2020 who are jobseekers will be entitled to a residence permit under the same conditions that were applied under EU law. The criteria for being granted this permit will factor in the duration of previous employment which means that they will still be entitled to a right of residence under worker status.


    Without a withdrawal agreement

    British citizens living in France prior to the UK’s withdrawal date who are jobseekers may be entitled to a residence permit if they have worked in France for at least three months out of the twelve months preceding their application.