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You are a British citizen


Social benefits

Changes are coming on 1 January!

On 30 December 2020, the EU and UK signed a trade and cooperation agreement which will determine the rules that apply from 1 January 2021 to relations between the EU and the UK in a number of areas.

Since 1 January 2021, although an agreement has been reached, major changes must be taken into consideration.

The withdrawal agreement, which entered into force on 1 February 2020, includes specific provisions for the right of residence and the maintenance of working conditions for British citizens settled in France before 31 December 2020. You will have until 30 June 2021 to apply for resident status online. The Trade and Cooperation Agreement does not modify these provisions.

If you wish to settle in France in 2021, you will not be covered by the provisions of the withdrawal agreement and the steps to be taken will be different, but the Trade and Cooperation Agreement provides for social security coordination in certain areas.


You are concerned 1) if you are a British citizen who works in France or who wants to work in France; 2) if you are receiving family benefits; 3) if you have French or British coverage; 4) if your spouse works or is unemployed in France or the UK; 5) if you receive a British pension exclusively; or 6) if you are a British student in France.

If you did not find the answers to your questions on this page, you can contact us at the following address : brexit@travail.gouv.fr


  • Imprimer

Frequently

asked questions


  • I work and am insured under the French system while my spouse works and resides in the United Kingdom with my children. Will I continue to receive British and, if applicable, French family benefits as of 1 January 2021? If so, under what conditions?
  • As provided for by the withdrawal agreement, if your situation remains the same after 31 December 2020, you will continue to receive family benefits under the same conditions as today. The State that pays family benefits is determined according to your professional activity and that of your spouse, your residence and that of your spouse and your children. Professional activity is decisive in determining the primary competent State and, secondarily, a supplement may be paid by the State where your children reside.

    In your case, the British organisation has primary competence for paying your family benefits as the UK is the State in which your spouse works and where your children reside. France will pay a differential supplement if the French family benefits correspond to a higher amount than the British ones.

    It should be noted that to guarantee application of the rights set out in the withdrawal agreement, EU citizens residing in the UK prior to the end of the transition period should file a settled status application with the British authorities, in accordance with the conditions stipulated by the British government (online application).


  • I work and am insured under the French system while my family lives in the United Kingdom. My spouse does not work. Will I continue to receive French and, if applicable, British family benefits as of 1 January 2021? If so, under what conditions?
  • As provided for by the withdrawal agreement, if your situation remains the same after 31 December 2020, you will continue to receive family benefits under the same conditions as today. The State that pays family benefits its determined according to your professional activity and that of your spouse, your residence and that of your spouse and your children. Professional activity is decisive in determining the primary competent State and, secondarily, a supplement may be paid by the State where your children reside.

    In your case, the French organisation has primary competence for paying your family benefits as France is the State in which you work and your spouse does not work in the UK. The UK will pay a differential supplement if the UK family benefits correspond to a higher amount than the French ones.

    It should be noted that to guarantee application of the rights set out in the withdrawal agreement, EU citizens residing in the UK prior to the end of the transition period should file a settled status application with the British authorities, in accordance with the conditions stipulated by the British government (online application).


  • I am a British national lawfully residing in France after the transition period. I am entitled to the social inclusion benefit (RSA), the adult disability allowance (AAH) or the in-work benefit (prime d’activité). Will my rights be maintained or do I have to file a new application?
  • As of 1 January 2021, the RSA, AAH and prime d’activité will be maintained if you meet the conditions for lawful residence in France.


  • I am a British national lawfully residing in France as of the withdrawal date. After the withdrawal date, I will be applying for the social inclusion benefit (RSA) for the first time or renewing my status as beneficiary. What conditions do I need to meet?
  • As of 1 January 2021, you will be eligible for the RSA if you meet the conditions for lawful residence in France.


  • I am insured under the British social security system (because of an activity carried on in the UK) and I reside in France. Will my health coverage change on January 1, 2021?
  • Based on the provisions of the withdrawal agreement that recognize the preservation of rights accrued prior to 31 December 2020, if your situation does not change, your health coverage and the conditions under which you are insured will not change. You will continue to receive benefits under the same conditions as you do now by completing S1 form "Registering for healthcare cover", which you can request from your British social security fund. This document will allow you to register with the health insurance fund in your place of residence in France. Form S1 will remain valid for as long as you reside in France and will allow you to receive care under the same conditions as if you were insured under the French social security system.


  • I am a British posted worker in France. Can I still benefit from the Posting of Workers Regime ?
  • On 1 January 2021, the Trade and Cooperation Agreement governs relations between the United Kingdom and the European Union. The Protocol on social security coordination annexed to the agreement sets-out the possibility for EU Member States to maintain the Posting of Workers Regime in respect of British workers posted to a Member State or European workers posted to the United Kingdom.

    France has chosen to maintain the Posting of Workers Regime for French and British workers. Thus, the EU rules on posted workers still apply.

    They are established by :
    - the implementing Directive 2014/67/EU, which establishes a common legal framework for the uniform implementation, application and monitoring of compliance with common standards ;
    - the revised (EU) Directive 2018/957 of 28 June 2018 which guarantees the application of the labour law in force in the host Member State for long-term postings and covers, in particular, equal pay, the applicability of collective agreements or the treatment of temporary agency workers.

    Rules on prior notification, social security and labour law continue to apply for workers posted to France and to the United Kingdom.


  • I am a British student studying in France. What will happen to my social protection after 1 January 2021?
  • If you began studying in France before the end of the transition period (31 December 2020), your health insurance coverage and the conditions under which you are insured will not change. You will need a new “Brexit” European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) with the country code FR.

    British citizens who come to France as students after the end of the transition period (on or after 1 January 2021) will need to hold a residence permit

    The EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement, which applies from 1 January 2021, includes provisions on access to healthcare for students. There will be a phased implementation in order to finalise documentation requirements for access to healthcare and to set up a system for reimbursements between countries.

    As of 1 January /2021, only persons covered by the withdrawal agreement may continue to use an EHIC (European Health Insurance Card). The other existing EHICs will no longer be valid: the United Kingdom invites persons covered by the withdrawal agreement to apply to their British health insurance fund for the issue of a new EHIC, including the mention "CRA" - "Citizens' Rights Agreement" and a country code for students continuing their stay in a Member State after 31 December 2020. This new card will enable them to continue to benefit from coverage for medically necessary care during their stay in France.


  • I am a British student studying in France. Will I qualify for student housing assistance?
  • If you started your studies in France before 31 December 2020, your health insurance cover and the conditions under which you are insured do not change.

    British citizens who come to France to study on or after 1 January 2021 will need to hold a residence permit and register for French social security. They can apply for housing assistance under the same conditions as other foreign students. http://www.caf.fr/presse-institutionnel/international/francais-etranger.


  • I am a British salaried employee affiliated in France. Will I be able to continue using my European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) after 31 December 2020 for healthcare required during a holiday in the United Kingdom?
  • If you continue to work and live in France after 31 December 2020, you will be able to use your EHIC during temporary stays in the UK subsequent to this date. Make sure you download the Provisional Replacement Certificate (PRC) from your personal account beforehand. This document, which is issued for a shorter period, certifies that you are covered by the withdrawal agreement and you will be asked for it in addition to, or instead of, your EHIC.


  • What are the implications of Brexit for the benefits of British jobseekers living in France?
  • Jobseekers receiving unemployment benefits from the UK in consideration of the last job held in the UK and who move to France are covered by UK social security legislation. Any contributions due on their unemployment benefits are paid to the UK.

    Jobseekers no receiving benefits from the UK and living in France (case of frontier workers and, in certain circumstances, individuals who lived in a Member State other the relevother the relevant Member State in their last job) receive unemployment benefits in France. Tax and social security contributions on these unemployment benefits are due in France.