You are a British citizen


Social benefits

With the ratification of the withdrawal agreement, the transition period guarantees that nothing will change for individuals and businesses in 2020 in order to give everyone the time to prepare for the implementation of the withdrawal agreement and the future relationship between the EU and the United Kingdom, which still remains to be negotiated.

The end of the transition period will have implications for EU and British citizens and economic players established in the EU and the UK that must be anticipated, regardless of whether an agreement is reached on the future relationship. The shape of the future relationship with the United Kingdom still remains uncertain at the present time.


You are concerned 1) if you are a British citizen who works in France or who wants to work in France; 2) if you are receiving family benefits; 3) if you have French or British coverage; 4) if your spouse works or is unemployed in France or the UK; 5) if you receive a British pension exclusively; or 6) if you are a British student in France.

If you did not find the answers to your questions on this page, you can contact us at the following address : brexit@travail.gouv.fr


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Frequently

asked questions


  • I work and am insured under the French system while my spouse works and resides in the United Kingdom with my children. Will I continue to receive British and, if applicable, French family benefits as of 1 January 2021? If so, under what conditions?
  • As provided for by the withdrawal agreement, if your situation remains the same after 31 December 2020, you will continue to receive family benefits under the same conditions as today. The State that pays family benefits is determined according to your professional activity and that of your spouse, your residence and that of your spouse and your children. Professional activity is decisive in determining the primary competent State and, secondarily, a supplement may be paid by the State where your children reside.

    In your case, the British organisation has primary competence for paying your family benefits as the UK is the State in which your spouse works and where your children reside. France will pay a differential supplement if the French family benefits correspond to a higher amount than the British ones.

    It should be noted that to guarantee application of the rights set out in the withdrawal agreement, EU citizens residing in the UK prior to the end of the transition period should file a settled status application with the British authorities, in accordance with the conditions stipulated by the British government (online application).


  • I work and am insured under the French system while my family lives in the United Kingdom. My spouse does not work. Will I continue to receive French and, if applicable, British family benefits as of 1 January 2021? If so, under what conditions?
  • As provided for by the withdrawal agreement, if your situation remains the same after 31 December 2020, you will continue to receive family benefits under the same conditions as today. The State that pays family benefits its determined according to your professional activity and that of your spouse, your residence and that of your spouse and your children. Professional activity is decisive in determining the primary competent State and, secondarily, a supplement may be paid by the State where your children reside.

    In your case, the French organisation has primary competence for paying your family benefits as France is the State in which you work and your spouse does not work in the UK. The UK will pay a differential supplement if the UK family benefits correspond to a higher amount than the French ones.

    It should be noted that to guarantee application of the rights set out in the withdrawal agreement, EU citizens residing in the UK prior to the end of the transition period should file a settled status application with the British authorities, in accordance with the conditions stipulated by the British government (online application).


  • I am a British national lawfully residing in France after the transition period. I am entitled to the social inclusion benefit (RSA), the adult disability allowance (AAH) or the in-work benefit (prime d’activité). Will my rights be maintained or do I have to file a new application?
  • As of 1 January 2021, the RSA, AAH and prime d’activité will be maintained if you meet the conditions for lawful residence in France.


  • I am a British national lawfully residing in France as of the withdrawal date. After the withdrawal date, I will be applying for the social inclusion benefit (RSA) for the first time or renewing my status as beneficiary. What conditions do I need to meet?
  • As of 1 January 2021, you will be eligible for the RSA if you meet the conditions for lawful residence in France.


  • I am a British student studying in France. What will happen to my social protection after 1 January 2021?
  • If you began studying in France before the end of the transition period (31 December 2020), your health insurance coverage and the conditions under which you are insured will not change.

    British citizens who come to France as students after the end of the transition period (on or after 1 January 2021) will need to hold a residence permit and register for French social security.